[icon icon=”bar-chart-o” size=”medium” style=”solid” shape=”square” bg_color=”#1abc9c”][/icon]What does this objective mean?
Anthony will know his name
Behavioral objectives are the most basic instructions for any behavioral program. As an RBT, you will be reading and applying many behavioral objectives. You will see these in instructional protocols written by a BCBA/BCaBA and also in Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) and Individual Program Plan (IPP). In order for behavioral objectives to be interpreted and implemented the same way by everyone, all objectives include same four components:
- the learner
- the target behavior
- conditions of intervention
- criteria for acceptable performance
Behavioral objectives are important for measuring learning and collecting data on problem behaviors. Below is an example of a complete behavioral objective, containing all of the components.
- the learner: Anthony
- the target behavior: use his communication book
- conditions of intervention: when placing an order at a restaurant
- criteria for acceptable performance: for three consecutive restaurant visits.
Anthony will use his communication book when placing an order at a restaurant for three consecutive restaurant visits.
[icon icon=”pencil” size=”medium” style=”solid” shape=”square” bg_color=”#9b95b6″]Practice the Skill: Interpreting Objectives
Although objectives may seem clear when they are written, it takes some training to know exactly how to recognize whether the objective is followed. Consider the objective below and answer the questions regarding it’s application.
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Question 1 of 4
The teacher has not asked a question and Caroline raises her hand. Does this behavior count toward the objective?CorrectIncorrect
Question 2 of 4
The teacher asks a question and calls on Caroline. Caroline correctly answers the questions. Does this count toward the behavioral objective?CorrectIncorrect
Question 3 of 4
The teachers asks a question and Caroline raises her hand. When called on, Caroline asks to use the bathroom. Does this count toward the behavioral objective?CorrectIncorrect
Question 4 of 4
The teacher asks a question and Caroline raises her hand. When called on, Caroline give an incorrect response to the teacher's question. Does this count toward the behavioral objective?CorrectIncorrect
Caroline’s RBT will know the skill has been mastered when Caroline is raising her hand on her own at least twice per class for three consecutive classes. The procedures for teaching the skill, such as when and how to provide prompting and reinforcement, will be specified by the behavior analyst who wrote the objective. These considerations will be discussed in more detail in later modules.